Thursday, May 18, 2017

DEEP THINKING by Garry Kasparov

Garry Kasparov has written another book. Titled DEEP THINKING, it is mainly about the history (including his own history) with computers playing chess. Detailed accounts of his matches are augmented by ruminations on the nature of machine intelligence. The subtitle is “Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins.” Kasparov has a genius IQ, and due to his association with Deep Blue and other computer programs has an interest in the subject (which has become popular due to movies and books about robots taking over.) He discusses various scientific views, including those related by Ray Kurzweil (How to Create a Mind) and Nick Bostrom. He doesn’t believe that hard A.I. (the singularity of self-aware, conscious computers) will happen anytime soon, but agrees that the days of humans beating computers at chess is over. Having heard those other books on the subject (including writing a novella about hard A.I.) I do agree, although no one knows for sure what may happen. Predicting the future will always be a flawed enterprise, since we don’t know what we don’t know. Einstein imagined a new way to look at time (that it wasn’t absolute), and until that moment everyone accepted long held beliefs about the nature of reality…which were proved to be wrong. Not only did he win a Nobel Prize for a different paper, but also became Time magazine’s only Person of the Century. The next such Person may be the one who creates a hard A.I., (if we survive the process.) There is no valid reason to believe that a hard A.I. would have the same (or any) values which we possess (including a desire to conquer or kill opponents) unless there is a way to instill them. So the “singularity” is unlikely to happen (except by accident) until we understand human consciousness (also a mystery.) The path to it is unknown, and only by traveling the correct path can it be achieved. Kasparov reads the introduction on the audiobook, which is then taken up by voice actor Bob Brown. A chess fan’s “must listen.”

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